Lahore

The heart of Pakistan’s culture lies in the 2,000-year-old city of Lahore. Lahore is many things - the City of Gardens and Flowers, the City of Dynasties, the City of Music and Art, the City of Famous Dead, the City of Moguls and of course the City of Festivals.

Lahore has experienced an eventful history. The first Muslim to conquer the city was Mahmud Ghaznavi in 1021 A.D. A long chain of conquerors followed this until the city passed to the Moguls in 1524 A.D. This was a time of resplendent glory for the city, and the historical monuments from this era include a masterpiece of leisure architecture - the Shalimar Gardens. Other famous landmarks are Lahore Fort, the huge Badshahi Mosque, the Mausoleums of Emperor Jehangir and Empress Nur Jehan, and the Kims Gun. Lahore also has, place of historical interest from others eras, which include Wazir Khan’s Mosque, the Golden Mosque, Chauburji, Maharaja Ranjit Singh’s Samadhi, the Pakistan Day Memorial, Bagh-e-Jinnah, and the Lahore Zoo - a zoological and botanical garden. The city and its surroundings are deeply associated with incident legendary lore and have witnessed momentous events from pre-historic times. The archaeological site of Harappa, 205 Km from Lahore, dates from 2,500 B.C. and was an important settlement of the Indus Valley civilization.

Today, Lahore is the second largest city of Pakistan and the principal cultural and academic center, with the oldest university in the country. Its three bazaars are all equally renowned; the Mall, a tree-lined boulevard with modern shops; the Anarkali Bazaar, named after the court dancer who was the beloved courtesan of the Mogul King Jehangir; and the Kashmiri Bazaar, situated deep in the walled city area. There is always a lot to see and do in Lahore.